Patrick Leahy (D-VT) announced Tuesday that Vermont has been awarded more than $1.47 million in federal grants to help victims of crime. The grants come from the Crime Victims Fund, the primary source of federal financial aid for crime victims, and are administered through the US Department of Justice.“The need for victim assistance and compensation has grown over the years, and the Crime Victims Fund has been a mainstay for crime victims in states like Vermont,” said Leahy. “Programs like those supported by the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services help survivors piece their lives back together. The vital funding Vermont has received from the Crime Victims Fund will help to ensure continued support for these efforts.”Vermont has received $1.27 million for victim assistance programs to support local efforts such as crisis intervention, emergency shelters, transportation, counseling and criminal justice system advocacy. The state has also received $200,000 for compensation programs to reimburse victims and their families directly for expenses related to their victimization, including medical and mental health costs, and funeral burial expenses. The funding is administered by the Vermont Center for Crime Victim Services.Leahy, a former prosecutor in Vermont, has led the effort in Congress to protect the Crime Victims Fund, which the last administration sought to tap for other uses. The Fund is supported exclusively by fines and other penalties paid by convicted federal offenders, not by taxpayer dollars. The Fund serves roughly four million crime victims every year, including victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, child abuse, elder abuse and drunk driving, as well as survivors of homicide victims. Crime Victim Fund grants have become especially important for states at a time when many programs have faced funding cuts in the wake of the economic downturn.Leahy is the author of the Crime Victims Fund Preservation Act, which will help ensure that crime victims receive essential services and federal support under the Victims of Crime Act (VOCA). Last October, the legislation was approved by the Senate Judiciary Committee, which Leahy chairs. He also worked to include $100 million for crime victim assistance in the 2009 economic recovery act.More than 4,000 agencies nationwide are supported by VOCA funds each year. Source: Leahy. 9.14.2010
The renovation at 21 Juster St, Annerley was beautiful.The home sits on a 607 square metre block and it’s leafy surround make it perfect for a family buyer.Marketing agent with Place Coorparoo, Jamal Naouri, said the suburb is drawing plenty of interest.“Annerley is a hub for busy working young families and we’re finding demand is high with many moving to the local area,” he said.“They’re wanting homes that are fully renovated as they don’t have time to do it themselves.”A crowd of 50 onlookers watched three bidders take the price from a $720,000 kick-off to eventually reach $1.05 million where it was declared, “Sold!”The buyer, Logan Drain, said couldn’t have been happier with the result. The Nundah site was bought by developers.IT WAS a cool and overcast Saturday in Brisbane but that didn’t stop auction spotters from rocking up to events.The morning kicked off at 43 Marvin St, Holland Park where a modest but well positioned three-bedroom, one-bathroom cottage on 749 square metres of land was on offer. 39 Sunny Ave, Wavell Heights had the agent and auctioneer running a marathon to secure a sale — but it was worth it in the end.The striking three-level, six-bedroom, four-bathroom home has a cracking southerly aspect taking in the lights of the CBD and views through to the Bunya Mountains.An opening bid of $1.3 million received no counter.This saw a flurry of activity as marketing agent from Southerby’s International Realty Ascot, Joseph Lordi, ran a marathon between the buyers and seller.Most of the 85-strong crowd waited around to see the offer raised to $1.61 million, and the property was declared “on the market.”With no other bids forthcoming, the buyers could celebrate their new digs.Nearby, developers were keen on the prospects for 79 Bage St, Nundah.More from newsMould, age, not enough to stop 17 bidders fighting for this home6 hours agoBuyers ‘crazy’ not to take govt freebies, says 28-yr-old investor6 hours agoThe developer buyer of 79 Bage St, Nundah, is taking some time to consider his options.There were 23 registered bidders battling it out for the 1630 square metre site and its two-bedroom colonial home.The holding is a grouping of four separate titles and it’s flexible potential created hot competition according to marketing agent at Ray White Ascot, Damon Warat.“They are not making any more land and if you could find a bigger block of land with city views this close to the CBD then you should buy it,” he said.Come the fall of the hammer the property achieved $2.55 million — selling to a local developer who will land bank the holding while planning a project.A classic circa 1920s character home at 21 Juster St, Annerley that’s undergone an extensive renovation has seen the seller’s hard work pay off with a big auction result. 43 Marvin St, Holland Park West failed to sell but there’s still plenty of post-auction interest according to the agent.Selling agent with Place Bulimba, Shane Hicks, said interest had been good for the home which has a backstory.“The house itself was moved here in 1929,” he said.“It was moved from Kangaroo Point to make way for the story bridge, so it’s got a bit of a history to it.”Holland Park West is one of those go ahead suburbs — well established, wide leafy streets and plenty of character to appeal to a broad buyer demographic, said Mr Hicks.“We’ve had first homebuyers … we’ve had investor looking at it for the long-term growth of the land and we’ve has some developers who’d like to knock the house down — the house hasn’t always lived here … so you can actually take it down and end up with a magnificent block of land.”Unfortunately among the solid turnout of around 40 onlookers, there were no registered bidders and the event was over soon after it began.Mr Hicks said despite the outcome, there were buyers keen to put the property under conditional contract and he expects a sale will soon be finalised.One of the day’s property jewels was the event held at 39 Sunny Ave, Wavell Heights. Logan Drain and his family are “stoked” to be the new owners of 21 Juster St, Annerley. Photo supplied.“It’s the right size for us and we’re stoked,” Mr Drain said.“They’ve done a great job on the renovation.” 64 Robe St, Grange made its mark today too with auctioneer Haesley Cush very pleased to achieve a $935,000 result for the two-bedroom renovator on 617 square metres.“It was a cracking auction with agent Kim Ridings at Ray White Alderley registering four registered bidders in front of a big crowd,” Mr Cush said.“The opening bid came in light and low at $600,000 but the property was called on the market at $901,000 and sold for $935,000.”Mr Cush wasn’t resting on his laurels though. Two hours later he fronted up at 120 Harcourt St, New Farm where he secured $1.175 million for the modest but superbly located five-bedroom home on 498 square metres.
Image Courtesy: NWSAA giant ship carrying four of the West Coast’s largest container cranes has arrived in the Port of Tacoma.The ship, Zhen Hua 28, will sit at anchor in Commencement Bay for a couple of days before heading to Husky Terminal at the northwest end of the Blair Waterway.The Northwest Seaport Alliance (NWSA) ordered eight new super-post-Panamax cranes from Shanghai Zhenhua Heavy Industries (ZPMC) in China. The remaining four cranes are scheduled to arrive in 2019.The cranes will be installed at Husky Terminal, which is undergoing USD 250 million terminal improvements that began in September 2016.Upgrades include strengthening and realigning a berth and adding eight new super-post-Panamax cranes capable of serving two 18,000-TEU containerships at the same time.The new cranes will have an outreach of 24 containers and a lift height of 165 feet above the pier deck.
One of the boys….Filip Ingebrigtsen. PHOTO IAAF ORGDoha, Qatar | AFP | Gjert Ingebrigtsen admits he is a dictator but one who produces results as three of his sons — Jakob, Henrik and Filip — will contest Monday’s 5,000 metres final at the World Athletics Championships.The youngest of the Norwegian family trio, 19-year-old Jakob — who achieved a remarkable 1500m/5,000m double at the European Championships last year — earned a reprieve to join them in the final after winning an appeal against disqualification following his heat in Doha on Friday.Their story is not unique in terms of three brothers succeeding in athletics — the Borlee siblings (Dylan, Jonathan and Kevin), also coached by their father, won European gold last year in the Belgian 4x400m relay team.But the Ingebritsens’ story stands out given that their father had no athletics background whatsoever.The 53-year-old Gjert’s skills appeared to lie elsewhere as he acts as accountant for his wife Tone’s hair salon business and his day job is working for a logistics company.He revels in having been termed a dictator by Filip — who was European 1500m champion in 2016 following in the footsteps of 28-year-old Henrik, who won the title in 2012 — in a reality television series that Gjert agreed to despite the reservations of his sons.In the TV series, Filip objected to his father forcing the 26-year-old to cancel a holiday wth his then girlfriend.– ‘You have to be a dictator’ –Filip’s subsequent move to Oslo with his now wife last year from the family home city of Sandnes was not appreciated by Gjert.“I don’t know anybody from Oslo being good at anything,” Gjert dismissively told the Daily Telegraph. “In sport, a dictatorship is much better than the opposite.“You have a small time of year to be at your best and you cannot have democratic decisions for everything.“You have to be a dictator. You have to take decisions in a short time and have to believe that what you are doing is the best for the boys.”Gjert, who is also the boys’ agent and manager, may have produced results on the track but they are not necessarily approved of by the Norwegian populace as a whole.“They don’t really like the professional mentality in Norway,” Filip told the Daily Telegraph.“They want to be like they are just out for recreational training and suddenly you’re the best. “That’s not how things work. You need to be focused over time. You need to have a different mentality. You can’t be like the rest.”The boys — three of seven children ranging in age from 31 to five — have been ultra-competitive from the early days, even down to which of them would get in or out of the family car first.Super excited to reach my first final in a global championship!! Can’t believe that 3x Ingebrigtsen is ready to race on monday, LET’S GO! 🥰 #Final #Doha2019 #TeamIngebrigtsen @ Khalifa International… https://t.co/AEqTZgji81— Jakob Ingebrigtsen (@JakobIng) September 28, 2019– ‘To endure me’ –Gjert told the BBC there was no special switch that was suddenly turned on — they were just a normal Norwegian family enjoying outdoor pursuits and he is not “especially interested in sport.”“It might be that I am rather strict in the way I see things,” he said.“The boys come to me and say: ‘I want to be a European champion.’“I say: ‘I want to help you, I can help you, but you have to do everything that I tell you.’“I stand out from other parents. I am very demanding and it is a kind of contract between me and the boys to help them be the best they can be — but they have to endure me following them every day all year.”Filip, who will along with Jakob double up in the 1500m, does despite his “dictator” remark appreciate the end results.“He will always be my father,” he told the BBC. “You can’t take that hat off and say now I am your coach.Share on: WhatsApp
Licitrasaid that “very few towns” don’t have feral cats, though it can be less noticeablein bigger municipalities. Within the last three years, he has been able tobring 15 municipalities on board to share the costs and benefits of the TNRprogram with the MCSPCA. EATONTOWN – This year, the Monmouth County Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (MCSPCA) on Wall Street will celebrate its 75th anniversary. ThatMonmouth County humane law enforcement agency had such great success that in2017 the state Legislature asked him to testify about why his model was succeedingat the MCSPCA, while other county SPCAs in the state were not. The answer? “Over theyears, the New Jersey State Legislature has spent thousands, tens of thousandsof hours writing animal cruelty law. And you left it statutorily responsible toa volunteer police department to enforce. How is that possible?” he recalledasking the state lawmakers. “You have professional career law enforcement doingthis job as opposed to the volunteers – who mean well – but 99 percent of themhave no law enforcement background,” he said. Licitra said it is important that the kittens and cats at the adoption center stay in a relaxed environment. Photo by Allison Perrine Rescuing Dogs from Korea and China Accordingto John Klein, they are “trying to change the world one dog at a time.” Housepets aren’t the only animals that require care. When in need, squirrels, deer,raccoons and more are brought to the shelter by animal control officers. Theanimals are then released back to the wild or to a wildlife rehabilitationcenter within 24 to 48 hours. Ross Licitra, director of the Monmouth County SPCA. Photo by Allison Perrine The spacewould be for wildlife rehabilitation and public use, like education programsfor children. You have to educate children when they’re young enough to understandthat wildlife is just as important as pets, Licitra said. Setting the Standard Thatbackground helped him mold the MCSPCA and its humane law enforcement agencyinto what it is today. He makes sure the MCSPCA’s agency works closely with theMonmouth County Prosecutor’s Office and that its humane law enforcement agencyis comprised of paid personnel, not volunteers, to guarantee calls areanswered. In other counties with volunteer agencies, some calls go unansweredwhen volunteers are unavailable. He made this possible with the help of SheriffShaun Golden, Arnone and the county prosecutor. With the help of No Dogs Left Behind, a global animal rescue organization, and local volunteers John and Robin Klein, the MCSPCA has taken two trips to China to rescue dogs from the Yulin Dog Meat Festival. The festival is held annually during the summer solstice and runs for about 10 days. According to No Dogs Left Behind, about 10,000 to 15,000 dogs are killed and consumed each festival, held in Yulin, Guangxi, China. Dogs are often stolen from their owners, packed onto trucks and sent to their death. Afterbeing rescued, the dogs are brought to the MCSPCA center in Eatontown. They aretaken care of, evaluated and eventually put up for adoption to a loving home. Theorganization exists to protect and advocate for domestic pets, wildlife anddomestic livestock within Monmouth County. Lately, its mission has expanded.With its partners in animal welfare, the MCSPCA wants to step in to save animalsfrom high-kill shelters throughout the southern United States and Puerto Ricoand from the meat trade in Korea and China, and lend a hand in rescue effortsduring natural disasters. Afterthat, the state Legislature disbanded the NJSPCA’s volunteer humane lawenforcement division and mandated that every county prosecutor’s office have anSPCA law enforcement division, like at the MCSPCA, Licitra said. With that,chief humane law enforcement officers – like Licitra – had to be appointed ineach county SPCA, and each municipal police department had to appoint a humanelaw enforcement officer. Additionally, all humane officers appointed had to goback to the police academy for training. The dogs were quarantined, all canine and feline adoptions were halted and veterinary services stopped. “The decision to close the shelter for adoptions and our Vogel Veterinary Care Center during one of the busiest times of the year for us was difficult, but done out of pure concern for not only the health and well-being of all our dogs, but of genuine concern for all dogs in the Monmouth County area and beyond,” said Licitra in a statement posted on the MCSPCA website Dec. 20. Beforeassuming his role as the executive director of the MCSPCA and the chief humaneofficer for the county, Licitra was a police officer. He worked locally forfive years and later joined the Monmouth County Prosecutor’s Office in 1986where he handled narcotics, gang and homicide cases. He was an officer for 30years. TheMCSPCA operates on a 30 percent profit margin. The revenue it earns helps payfor medical services at the shelter, which runs about $800,000 annually. “Thebiggest challenge for us is always funding and space,” he said. The shelter’sclosure at the holidays is expected to have a negative effect on its balancesheet. Trap, Neuter and Release, or TNR, is a program designed to control the feral cat population or, as Licitra calls them, “community cats.” Animal control personnel visit municipalities that participate in the MCSCPA’s TNR program and bring stray cats to the shelter, neuter or spay them, give them shots and clip their ear tips – which does not hurt them, he said. Then they release the stray cats back where they came from. If they are kittens, the MCSPCA keeps them and adopts them out. If they are house cats that have been abandoned, they also adopt them out. “Theytorture the dogs as much as they can and then kill them. They say it makes themeat taste better when they’re tortured,” said Licitra. Theclosest wildlife rehabilitation center is in Mercer County, but Licitra saidhe’s working on bringing one to Monmouth County with the help of Freeholder TomArnone. “The county has so many great parks and in one of the parks we’d find abuilding and we’d pay to have it all renovated,” he said. “Long Branch has been our most successful,” said Licitra. He estimated they have helped over 500 cats in Long Branch alone. It’s importantto note, however, that the MCSPCA is not funded by the county. “We are anagency created by state law and authority, but we’re self-funded,” saidLicitra. Theshelter takes in animals from New Jersey and high-kill shelters in southernstates and Puerto Rico. But recently, it turned its efforts overseas to rescueanimals in China and Korea from being tortured and killed for human consumption. Community Cats Theshelter recently rescued nine dogs from China that would have otherwise beensent to the festival. They also rescued an additional nine at the beginning of2019. In 2018, the shelter partnered with the Humane Society for the UnitedStates (HSUS) and rescued dogs from Korea that were slated for humanconsumption. The Wildlife Room TheMCSPCA works closely with the New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife. Ithandles regulatory incidents involving fishing, hunting and more. When animalcruelty or inhumane activity is involved, the MCSPCA steps in. In 2020,the MCSPCA will officially be the “first ever” to receive state budgetaryfunding – $25,000 – for the TNR program, thanks to state Sen. Vin Gopal, saidLicitra. He also credited Arnone as being a big supporter of the MCSCPA’s TNRprogram. This article originally appeared in the Jan. 2-9, 2020 print edition of The Two River Times. He went on to say the affected dogs were improving and he thanked the public for their “incredible amount of support.” The center reopened on Jan. 2, 2020. Theshelter ended 2019 on a sad note after it had to close for several weeks duringits busiest time of year to treat dogs with H3N2 influenza, or canine flu, anextremely contagious disease that likely arrived with a rescue transport,according to Ross Licitra, executive director of the MCSPCA.
A minor boy was killed as a wall of an abandoned house collapsed on him in Sadagorpara area of Nilphamari sadar upazila on Wednesday evening.The deceased is Arafat, 12, son of a certain Sirajul Islam of the area, reports UNB.Witnesses said a portion of a wall of the abandoned house fell on Arafat while some children were playing near the wall around 6:30pm, leaving him dead on the spot.
In this image released by the US Navy, the guided-missile destroyer USS Porter conducts strike operations while in the Mediterranean Sea, April 7, 2017. AFPThe US military strike on a Syrian airbase has caused several deaths, said the governor of Homs province where the Shayrat base is located.”There are martyrs, but we don’t yet know the number either of martyrs or of wounded,” Talal Barazi told AFP by telephone.
Solidarity congregations and processions were held in East London, UK, and Kolkata, India, on Sunday and Monday respectively expressing solidarity with the recent student movement in Bangladesh demanding safe roads.A large number of Bangladeshi immigrants and others in Britain, held a congregation at Altab Ali Park in East London Sunday and sought redress to the chaotic traffic movement in Bangladesh.The participants said the the movement was to ‘awaken the conscience’ and denounced the attacks on the students under police cover.The participants also carried placards with slogans, ‘safe roads’, ‘we want justice’, ‘rule of law’ and so on. An English woman also joined the protest with a placard that said, ‘How can a police beat the students!’The congregation observed two-minute silence for the two students killed by a reckless bus in Kurmitola, Dhaka on 29 July triggering the mass protest.Later, a human chain formed by the participants called on the Bangladesh government to implement the nine-point demands declared by the young protesters.They also denounced deployment of police and vigilante to contain the student movement.In India, the student wing of the leftist SUCI (Socialist Unity Centre of India), Democratic Students Organisation (DSO) of West Bengal held a ‘solidarity procession’ on Monday in Kolkata empathising with the young protesters’ cause in Bangladesh.The procession starting from Ramlila Maidan in Kolkata marched towards the Deputy High Commission of Bangladesh.The demonstrators holding placards with varied slogans called on to stop violence against the students.Police halted the procession, as the participants reached near the Deputy High Commission. The demonstrators then delivered a message to the protesting students expressing empathy with the movement.“The movement of the students in Bangladesh demanding safe roads is a source of inspiration for us. We, too, want safe roads and accident-free roads. This movement has shown a new path for us,” said Sourav Ghosh, the general secretary of West Bengal DSO. Another procession by DSO, marching towards the Deputy High Commission from Park Circus, was obstructed by the police.The demonstrators tried and failed to break the barricade.Students from different student organisations of Jadavpur University joined the demonstration.“We have complete support for the student movement. We want safe roads, and we demand the students are not attacked,” said Saikat, a participating student leader.The death of two students killed on Airport Road, Dhaka on 29 July as a reckless bus ran over them injuring several others, sparked off widespread protests across Bangladesh.The students’ peaceful demonstration along with checking driving licenses, and regulating traffic movements stirred people home and abroad. During the weeklong protests, the students were attacked and the news appeared in the international media.Photo: Prothom AloA woman takes part in the demonstration with a placard in East London, UK. 5 August 2018. Photo: Prothom AloPeople in a congregation at the Shaheed Minar premises at Altab Ali Park in East London, UK, express solidarity with the student movement in Bangladesh demanding safe roads. 5 August 2018. Photo: Prothom AloChildren hold up placards in the congregation. East London, UK. Photo: Prothom AloA section of the people in the solidarity congregation in East London. Photo: Bhaskar MukherjeeStudents of Jadavpur University, India hold a banner during the procession expressing solidarity with the student movement in Bangladesh demanding safe roads. 6 August 2018.Photo: Bhaskar MukherjeeJadavpur University students in India carry placards with various slogans in the procession expressing solidarity with the student movement in Bangladesh demanding safe roads. 6 August 2018. Photo: Bhaskar MukherjeeDSO (Democratic Students Organisation), student wing of the leftist political party Socialist Unity Centre of India (SUCI), hold a ‘solidarity procession’ empathasing with the student movement demanding safe roads in Bangladesh. 6 August 2018.
US president Ronald Reagan (R) and Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev sign the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty in the White House on 8 December 1987. Reuters File PhotoThe United States formally withdrew from a landmark 1987 nuclear missile pact with Russia on Friday after determining that Moscow was violating the treaty, an accusation the Kremlin has denied.Washington signaled it would pull out of the arms control treaty six months ago unless Moscow stuck to the accord. Russia called the move a ploy to exit a pact that the United States wanted to leave anyway in order to develop new missiles.President Donald Trump told reporters he would like to seal a new arms deal with Russia reducing all nuclear forces, and possibly with China as well.”If we could get a pact where they reduce and we reduce nuclear, that would be a good thing for the world. I do believe that will happen,” Trump said.The Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) was negotiated by then-US president Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. It banned land-based missiles with a range of between 310 and 3,400 miles (500-5,500 km), reducing the ability of both countries to launch a nuclear strike on short notice.The dispute is aggravating the worst US-Russia friction since the Cold War ended in 1991. Some experts believe the treaty’s collapse could undermine other arms control agreements and speed an erosion of the global system designed to block the spread of nuclear arms.”The United States will not remain party to a treaty that is deliberately violated by Russia,” Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said in a statement.”Russia’s non-compliance under the treaty jeopardises US supreme interests as Russia’s development and fielding of a treaty-violating missile system represents a direct threat to the United States and our allies and partners,” Pompeo said.Senior Trump administration officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said Russia had deployed “multiple battalions” of a cruise missile throughout Russia in violation of the pact, including in western Russia, “with the ability to strike critical European targets.”Russia denies the allegation, saying the missile’s range puts it outside the treaty. It rejected a US demand to destroy the new missile, the Novator 9M729, known as the SSC-8 by the NATO Western military alliance.NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg gives a news conference on the day the United States is set to pull out of the Intermediate-range Nuclear Force Treaty (INF), in Brussels, Belgium, on 2 August 2019. Photo: ReutersMoscow has told Washington the US decision to quit the pact undermines global security and removes a key pillar of international arms control.China’s new ambassador to the United Nations, Zhang Jun, said China regrets that the United States is withdrawing from the treaty and expressed doubt about joining the United States and Russia in a nuclear deal.”The United States is saying China should be a party in this disarmament agreement, but I think everybody knows that China is not at the same level with the United States and the Russian Federation,” he said. ‘Serious Mistake’ Russia said on Friday it had asked the United States for a moratorium on the deployment of land-based short and intermediate-range nuclear missiles.”A serious mistake has been made in Washington,” Russia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement.”We have already introduced a unilateral moratorium and won’t deploy land-based short or medium-range missiles, if we get them, in regions where such US missiles are not deployed,” it said.President Vladimir Putin has said Russia does not want an arms race and he has promised he would not deploy Russian missiles unless the United States does so first.A component of SSC-8/9M729 cruise missile system is on display during a news briefing, organised by Russian defence and foreign ministries, at Patriot Expocentre near Moscow, Russia on 23 January 2019. Reuters File PhotoHowever, should Washington take such a step, he has said he would be forced to deploy Russian hypersonic nuclear missiles on ships or submarines near US territorial waters.NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg dismissed Russia’s moratorium request on Friday, saying it was “not a credible offer” as he said Moscow had already deployed illegal missiles.”There are no new US missiles, no new NATO missiles in Europe, but there are more and more new Russian missiles,” he said.’We Don’t Want A New Arms Race’NATO said it had agreed a defensive package of measures to deter Russia. That response would be measured and would only involve conventional weapons, it said.NATO’s Stoltenberg said there would be “no rash moves” by the alliance which he said “would not mirror what Russia does.””We don’t want a new arms race,” Stoltenberg said.In this file photo taken on 8 December 1987 shows US President Ronald Reagan (L) with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev during welcoming ceremonies at the White House on the first day of their disarmament summit, after a three-day summit in Washington, both superpowers leaders put their names to the Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty in a first attempt to reverse the nuclear arms race. Photo: AFPNATO members Britain and Poland blamed Moscow for the treaty’s demise.”Their contempt for the rules-based international system threatens European security,” British foreign secretary Dominic Raab said on Twitter.European officials had voiced concern that if the treaty collapses, Europe could again become an arena for a nuclear-armed, intermediate-range missile buildup by the United States and Russia.US officials said the United States was months away from the first flight tests of an American intermediate-range missile that would serve as a counter to the Russians. Any deployment would be years away, they said.”We are just at the stage of looking at how we might further the development of conventional options,” one official said.