TOKYO, Japan (Reuters) – Tennis star Naomi Osaka has taken steps to give up her U.S. citizenship to play for Japan in the 2020 Olympics, Japanese media said yesterday.The 21-year-old, born in Japan to a Haitian father and Japanese mother but raised in the United States, told NHK it will be special for her to represent host Japan at the Tokyo Games, the public broadcaster said.Osaka, who will turn 22 on Wednesday, faced that deadline to relinquish one nationality because neither Japan nor the United States permits dual citizenship for adults.The Japanese Olympic Committee and a U.S.-based agent for Osaka in the United States could not immediately be reached outside business hours.Japan, which has long prided itself on being homogeneous, is becoming more ethnically diverse. But prejudice remains against “haafu”, or half-Japanese, including cases of bullying against mixed-race children.And while Japan has largely embraced Osaka, she still faces some indignities.Two weeks ago, Osaka laughed off comments by a Japanese comedy duo who said she was “too sunburned” and “needed some bleach”, and turned the tables with a plug for Japanese cosmetic giant Shiseido, one of her sponsors.In January, Japanese noodle company Nissin removed a commercial in which a cartoon character depicting Osaka was shown with pale skin and light brown hair, after it prompted an outcry.
It was Senior Day at the Kohl Center for the Wisconsin women’s basketball team, and it wouldn’t have been more fitting for one of the three active members of the senior class to be the hero.AnnMarie Brown had that opportunity, but she couldn’t convert a layup in the waning seconds of overtime, as Wisconsin fell to Northwestern 86-83 Sunday afternoon.“It’s like any other shot, you have basically a 50-50 shot of making it,” Brown said. “And that one didn’t seem to go in. I can’t do anything about it. I tried. I did what I could.”The Badgers (8-18, 4-12 Big Ten) were down by eight with 59.7 seconds left during the overtime period, trailing 80-72. A layup from junior guard Dakota Whyte, followed by a three-pointer from Brown and another three from fellow senior Jacki Gulczysnki off a Wildcat turnover made it 82-80 with 26 seconds remaining.Northwestern’s Karly Rozer then sunk two foul shots to up the Wildcats’ lead to four, but Brown grabbed an offensive rebound and converted an and-one. Her free throw made it 84-83.Junior guard Tessa Cichy immediately fouled Northwestern’s Christen Inman on the inbound. Inman, who had missed from the free throw line only once in Big Ten play this season, missed her first one but made the second, making it 85-83.“It felt like we were in control in the overtime,” Northwestern head coach Joe McKeown said. “We were up seven, eight, nine, but they kept coming back and made plays. So you gotta give them a lot of credit.”That set up the Badgers with an opportunity to win the game, and when junior guard Nicole Bauman drove down the lane and dished it to Brown all alone on the left block, the game was surely to be tied once again.It did not work out that way.Wisconsin had yet another chance after Northwestern (21-6, 11-5 Big Ten) went 1-2 from the line, this time with 2.8 seconds to go. Brown had the chance to be the hero once more with the possibility of a half-court heave to send the game to a second overtime, but couldn’t get the shot off before time expired.“To the kids’ credit, they kept playing,” Wisconsin head coach Bobbie Kelsey said. “No one could say that the Badgers give up, or hang their heads.“And I feel so bad for AnnMarie. She’s been through so much, and to miss that shot, which she makes all the time, she doesn’t miss a lot of layups around the basket. Maybe she was just so wide open she couldn’t believe it.”Northwestern tied the game with 1.4 seconds left in regulation off an inbound, when Maggie Lyon drained a 12-foot baseline jumper, the first time the teams had been tied since 17-17. The possession before that Whyte made one of her two free throws, which gave Northwestern the chance it needed to tie the game without having to shoot a three. The Wildcats had originally missed two other attempts before a scramble for the ball resulted in a jump ball with the possession arrow in favor of the Wildcats.“We’ve got some tough kids, like a Maggie Lyon or a [sophomore] Nia Coffey, who can just make a play,” McKeown said.Coffey led the Wildcats in scoring with 21 points, while Lyon added 15. Three more Wildcats scored in double figures: Lauren Douglas and Ashley Deary had 12 apiece, while Inman scored 11.Bauman led the Badgers scoring attack, pouring in 22, while Gulczynski had 19, going 5-10 from three. Senior Cassie Rochel had her fifth double-double of the season, scoring 12 points and grabbing 13 rebounds.The Badgers led by as many as 15 in the second half, when Whyte hit a three from the far baseline. After Bauman hit a three with 5:32 remaining in regulation, the Wildcats keyed up a 8-0 run in the next two minutes and 30 seconds to cut the Wisconsin lead to 65-63.“We just started kinda playing not to lose,” Brown said. “Rather than just keep shoving the ball down their throats and going for the win … We’ll bounce back. We know we’re there.”Both teams struggled offensively in the first half, particularly Northwestern, a result of sloppy play and poor shooting.The Wildcats last field goal of the half came with 8:29 to go and their only points came from two free throws the rest of the half. They shot 35.7 percent from the field, while Wisconsin shot 41.2 percent.Wisconsin had nine turnovers in the half, finishing with 23 total, allowing Northwestern to score 25 points off turnovers in their seventh straight victory.“It’s easy to get down when you’re losing, and say, ‘Let’s just pack it in,’” Kelsey said. “But we owe it to our seniors to play hard, and to ourselves, to keep fighting. Because you can build on fighting, but you can’t build on quitting. And they didn’t quit.”
The Athletics Federation of Nigeria (AFN) has postponed its annual general congress earlier scheduled to hold on Thursday December 4, 2019 in Awka,Anambra State.In a letter dated Friday November 22,2019 and signed by its Secretary General, Prince Adisa Adeniyi Beyioku and addressed to all states athletics association, the AFN said it was constrained by circumstances beyond its control to postpone the congress.”On behalf of the board of the Athletics Federation of Nigeria, I am directed to inform you of the postponement of the annual general congress earlier scheduled for 4th December, 2019 in Awka,Anambra State due to circmstances beyond our control,” read the letter to the states titled :Re-Invitation To Attend Annual General Congress of Athletics Federation of Nigeria, AFN. The AFN further informed the stakeholders that a new date will be communicated to the state associations and regretted the inconveniences the postponement may have caused.It was however gathered that the postponement may have been informed by the need to adhere to the letters of the constitution of the AFN and international best practice.A chairman of one of the state athletics associations in the South South region of Nigeria who preferred not to be named said at the weekend that many of the state athletics associations were shocked when they received the message for the December 4,2019 congress.“We knew for an annual general congress to be called,the AFN constitution stipulates a 60-day notice and the notice sent to us was dated November 5 which makes it just 29 days to the December 4 date,” said the member who expressed his gratitude to the AFN for correcting its own mistake.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram
“They arrived on Sunday and they are really eager to jump into this sand,” she says. “They’ve never played with this sand before; all of the sand that they’ve used has been the white or the really light sand that you see on the beaches, so they’re really excited to get in here and pick away and see what their tools can do.” The sand that comes from the banks of the Peace River is donated by Nels Ostero Sand & Gravel, and is gaining a reputation among carvers for its long-lasting quality. Work on the sand begins long before any carvers actually show, as a “pound up” must be done to prepare it for the competition. “Before the carvers can actually start their pieces, they have to decide what design and height and shape the structure has to be, and then we create wooden forms and structures and build the sand casings up until the right level and height we need, and then they remove the casings and start carving from those pieces,” says Eisert. – Advertisement -Luckily, Mother Nature has been on their side so far this year, as the rain the region has been experiencing has actually helped with the preparations.“Last year the pound up took us seven actual days, so we expected it to take us that long this time, and it only took us four days,” Eisert explains. “I think a lot of what helped us was the rain, because it actually moisturized the sand, so we didn’t have to do as much mixing here with our own hands as we did last year.”\ Advertisement The event kicks off Saturday, July 27, with the family competition at 10 a.m. There are still seven spots available for groups of four, with at least one member 16 years old or younger, which can be registered for by calling the Fort St. John Arts Council at 250-787-2781. The festivities include a sand pit for children to play in, food, and musical entertainment, which will last until 5 p.m., so residents can make their way back to Fort St. John for the Air Show. The professional carvers will be putting the final touches on their sand masterpieces by Friday, August 2, and the creations will be left up as long as they’re still standing.
Click here if you’re unable to view the photo gallery on your mobile device. ODDS: Raiders -6.5. OVER/UNDER: 44.5.SERIES: All-time series tied at 4-4-0. LAST … GAME ESSENTIALS: Raiders (6-7) vs. Jaguars (4-9) at Coliseum on Sunday at 1:05 p.m. (PT)TV: CBS-TV, Announcers: Kevin Harlan (play-by-play), Rich Gannon (analyst), John Schriffen (reporter). Join us for live scoring updates, news and analysis Sunday afternoon as the Raiders play their final game in Oakland.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The election of pork producer delegate candidates for the 2018 National Pork Producers (Pork Act) Delegate Body will take place at noon on Thursday, July 20th, 2017 in conjunction with a Board of Directors meeting of Ohio Pork Council at the Cincinnati Radisson, 668 W. 5th Street, Covington, Kentucky.All Ohio pork producers are invited to attend. Any producer, age 18 or older, who is a resident of the state and has paid all assessments due may be considered as a delegate candidate and/or participate in the election. All eligible producers are encouraged to bring with them a sales receipt proving that hogs were sold in their name and the checkoff deducted.
ANN ARBOR, MI – SEPTEMBER 12: Chris Wormley #43 of the Michigan Wolverines celebrates the sack on quarterback Marcus McMaryion #3 of the Oregon State Beavers (not in photo) with teammates Matthew Godin #99 and Mario Ojemudia #53 during the fourth quarter of the game on September 12, 2015 at Michigan Stadium in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The Wolverines defeated the Beavers 35-7. (Photo by Leon Halip/Getty Images)Michigan’s Jabrill Peppers is a crazy athlete, and may wind up as one of the best corners in the country if he pans out, based on his potential entering college last year. He proved that the injury issues that kept him from participating during most of the 2014 season are probably a thing of the past with this impressive backflip during drills yesterday. Fellow Michigan cornerback Blake Countess isn’t one to be overshadowed, however, and one-upped Peppers’ backflip with this wild routine, which he posted on Twitter this evening.Yall decide! its all fun tho! @JabrillPeppers pic.twitter.com/LGy4nhwQI8— Blake Countess (@TheeCount2) February 27, 2015Peppers is impressed…we think. We’re not actually sure what this response means.Light cheese “@TheeCount2: Yall decide!its all fun tho! @JabrillPeppers pic.twitter.com/Y00UE9OxwG”— Breez (@JabrillPeppers) February 27, 2015We can’t wait to see Peppers’ inevitable response the next time Michigan hits the practice field.
It could be that the ongoing analytics boom in hockey has affected a change in the old “get the puck to the net however possible” evangelism that once was pre-eminent. It’s true that the puck won’t go into the net unless it’s guided toward the net, but not all shots are created equal: An unimpeded shot from between the dots has a much better chance of hitting the twine than a shot taken from the blue line and directed toward a bunch of traffic in front of the net, for example. If expected goals are any indication, players are taking smarter shots — not more shots — than they did in the past, and that’s leading to more goals.We might expect that slumping goaltending could also provide part of the answer. The average save percentage (.908) across the NHL is the lowest it’s been in a decade. But if we isolate goaltenders who were roughly in their prime (between the ages 25 and 31) in both 2015-16 and 2018-19 — presumably a group whose inherent skills haven’t changed very much even as the NHL’s goals-per-game average has — their average save percentage has dipped by an astounding 12 points over that span.By comparison, the overall league average in save percentage is down by only 7 points, which indicates that goaltenders who were not in the goalie population in 2015-16 are having a better time adjusting to the league than goalies who were already around — even ones still in their primes. It’s fair to conclude, then, that goaltending has gotten demonstrably more difficult in a short period of time, and veteran goalies appear to have had a hard time adapting to shooters who have figured out how to take smarter and more dangerous shots.This is all in sharp contrast to the amount of scoring that occurred in the past decade-plus. In the past, changes to the NHL rulebook have had a bubble effect: Scoring increases immediately but regresses within a season or two. That was certainly the case in 2005-06, which was defined by a spate of rule changes and a cadre of whistle-happy referees. That season, the size of goaltender equipment was reduced; the two-line offsides rule was abolished; the neutral zone was reduced by 4 feet, expanding the space each team had to mount an offensive zone attack; and goaltenders were no longer allowed to play the puck anywhere they wanted behind the goal line, instead restricted to a trapezoid behind their own net. Power-play opportunities skyrocketed to 5.85 per team per game, up by 1.61 from 2003-04.This all meant that scoring jumped from 5.14 goals per game in 2003-04 to 6.16 goals per game in 2005-06. The boost was short-lived, however. Scoring dipped beneath 6 goals per game the following season, and as the decade post-lockout progressed, scoring continued to suffer. Power-play opportunities declined drastically, goaltenders got better, and the average goals scored per game stayed below 6 for a dozen seasons. Until this season.Whether the scoring uptick can be attributed to a culmination of rule changes, smarter shot selection, worse goaltending or evolved tactics — or some combination of all of that — one thing is certain: The NHL is a scorer’s league again, and the 2018-19 iteration is the most entertaining in nearly three decades. Players in the NHL are scoring at a prodigious pace. Tampa Bay’s Nikita Kucherov is on pace to score 125 points, which would be tied for the highest point tally of the new millennium. If they keep up their current clip, Edmonton’s Connor McDavid would score 122 points, Chicago’s Patrick Kane 119 points and Colorado’s Mikko Rantanen 117 points. All of these point totals would smash each player’s previous career high. This makes sense given the climate of the NHL this season — it’s the highest-scoring season since the one that took place immediately after the lockout of 2004-05. There are currently 40 players scoring at least a point per game.1Among players who have played in at least half of their team’s games. If the season ended today, it would be the highest number since 1995-96, when 42 finished the season with a point per game or better. This is excellent news for a league that’s constantly tinkering with its rulebook to increase scoring.For the first time in more than a decade, the average goals scored per NHL game has surpassed 6. But unlike previous spikes in scoring, there weren’t any sweeping changes made to the rulebook before the season,2The league did reduce the size of goaltending equipment again, but whether that meaningfully affects scoring numbers is up for debate. so what exactly is going on?An obvious stat to look at is the average number of power-play opportunities teams are getting each game. More man advantages, it would seem, might lead to more quality scoring opportunities. But power-play opportunities per game have actually decreased steadily since 2005-06, the season after the lockout, and are static when compared with last season, when the average goals scored per game was below 6.Shooters do appear to be taking better shots in five-on-five scenarios. The average for the league in expected goals per 60 minutes per team3Expected goals functions as a proxy for shot quality. is 2.38, according to data from Corsica Hockey — up from 2.19 in 2015-16. And shooters are actually performing better than the expected goals model suggests they should be: The league average goals per 60 minutes per team is 2.49. A 10th of a goal may not seem like a lot, but it translates to about 254 more goals scored per season. Shots against per game have remained fairly stable since the lockout of 2004-05, which makes it somewhat difficult to explain the sudden glut.
(Phys.org)—Quantum measurements are often inherently unpredictable, yet the usual way in which quantum theory accounts for unpredictability has long been viewed as somewhat unsatisfactory. In a new study, University of Oxford physicist Chiara Marletto has developed an alternative way to account for the unpredictability observed in quantum measurements by using the recently proposed theory of superinformation—a theory that is inherently non-probabilistic. The new perspective may lead to new possibilities in the search for a successor to quantum theory. Citation: A non-probabilistic quantum theory produces unpredictable results (2016, September 21) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-09-non-probabilistic-quantum-theory-unpredictable-results.html Physicists retrieve ‘lost’ information from quantum measurements “The decision-theoretic approach shows that a rational agent that knows unitary quantum theory only (but does not assume the Born rule) would have the same expectations, in the experimental situations where the Born rule applies, as if he had assumed the Born rule,” Marletto explained. “This is a remarkable result, but has been contested on the grounds that it relies on axioms of rationality that seem subjective and not physically motivated.” Deterministic quantum theoryIn the new paper, Marletto builds on the decision-theoretic approach to show that a completely deterministic quantum theory can essentially function as if it were probabilistic, so that measurements would be expected to produce unpredictable results, like those in the double-slit experiment and many others.”There are two things: one, my work shows that unpredictability can arise under deterministic theories, and that it is a direct consequence of the impossibility of cloning certain sets of states,” Marletto told Phys.org. “That unpredictability can arise under deterministic theories may seem a little surprising at first. But the point is that ‘unpredictability’ just means that it is impossible to build a predictor—a machine that would reliably predict the outcome of a single measurement of given observable on a system prepared in a given state. This impossibility is just like that of the no-cloning theorem, and does not require any probabilistic structure. Probabilities, instead, come into play only when considering patterns occurring in repeated experiments.”Two, this work updates and generalizes the decision-theory approach to the Born rule in quantum theory, which was proposed to reconcile deterministic unitary quantum theory without the Born rule with the appearance of stochasticity in quantum experiments. In particular, it shows that most of the assumptions of that approach are not, as previously thought, subjective decision-theoretic axioms, but follow from physical properties of superinformation theories. It also establishes under what conditions superinformation theories support that argument, thereby defining a class of theoretical possibilities in which the successor of quantum theory might be sought.”Overall, the new results show that, to explain quantum experiments that have perplexed physicists for decades—experiments in which repeated, identical measurements produce different outcomes, where individual outcomes are unpredictable and appear to be random–it is not necessary to appeal to the Born rule or any other probabilistic assumptions. Possibilities and impossibilitiesAs Marletto explains in her paper, her work builds on recent research in which she and Deutsch, also at Oxford, reformulated quantum theory as a type of superinformation theory under a new framework that they call the constructor theory of information. When Deutsch and Marletto originally proposed the constructor theory of information a couple of years ago, they were searching for a way to link classical and quantum information under the same general framework. In the end, what they developed was a set of principles that can be thought of as part of the foundations from which all the laws of physics emerge—essentially, a new fundamental theory of physics.The basic principle of constructor theory is that every law of physics must be expressible as a statement about which physical transformations (or tasks) are possible and which are impossible, and why. An example of a possible information processing task under quantum theory is switching any state to any other state, and vice versa. An example of an impossible task is cloning, which is creating an identical copy of an unknown state. Constructor theory does not specify any particular laws of physics, but instead its principles are intended to supplement and underlie all laws of physics, both the known and currently unknown laws. This is similar to the way in which fundamental principles, such as conservation of energy and mass, must be obeyed by all laws of physics. Specific laws can be formulated to predict what will actually happen (not just what is possible) in specific circumstances. For example, some laws predict the trajectory of a projectile, others predict the flow of water, or the path of electricity, etc., always with the constraint of complying to constructor theory’s principles. These restraints also provide a potential way to test the theory.”The main way to test constructor theory is to test the theories conforming to its principles—for instance, the interoperability principle for information,” Marletto said. “So, the same as one would do to test the principle of conservation of energy. In regard to the class of superinformation theories, they might be used to design new experiments about quantum theory, by providing a space of new theoretical possibilities where a rival of quantum theory may be sought. The promising feature is that, unlike most existing proposals for frameworks to generalize quantum theory, superinformation theories are deterministic and local.”In the future, Marletto plans to work on further developing the constructor theory framework, along with the superinformation theories it supports.”Superinformation theories allow one to unify classical and quantum information under the same framework,” she said. “There are exciting prospects about understanding what other superinformation theories there are in addition to quantum theory; coming up with measures of entanglement or quantum coherence in this generalized scenario would have the advantage of being more general than current quantum-information-theoretic ones. Another line of research that appears very interesting is to merge the theory of superinformation with the newly proposed constructor theory of thermodynamics, which will have bearings on the current quantum thermodynamics enterprise. There is also a project that Deutsch and I would like to pursue, that is to understand how superinformation theories can support the notion of ‘relative state,’ which is crucial in unitary quantum theory.” Explore further Accounting for unpredictabilityThe unpredictability observed in quantum experiments is one of the unique features of the quantum world that sets it apart from classical physics. One prominent example of quantum unpredictability is the double-slit experiment: When sending a stream of particles (such as photons or electrons) through two small slits in a plate, the individual particles are detected at different locations on a screen behind the plate. Although it’s possible to predict the probability of a particle impacting at a certain location, it’s not possible to predict specifically where any individual particle will end up.Traditionally, this apparent probabilistic behavior that is observed in experiments has been accounted for in quantum theory by using the Born rule. In 1926, the German physicist Max Born developed this rule to determine the probability of finding a quantum object at a certain location—or more generally, the probability that any measurement on a quantum system will produce a particular observed outcome, depending on the quantum state of the object. The Born rule is a unique part of quantum theory in that it is the only stochastic, or randomly determined, element in quantum theory. The Born rule has basically been added by fiat on top of a theory that is otherwise deterministic. Ever since the rule was first proposed, physicists have questioned the probabilistic nature of quantum theory with the Born rule, and have wondered whether it would still be possible to account for observations, including unpredictability, without this rule. In general, quantum theory without the Born rule would be completely non-probabilistic. The main problem with the proposal for such a theory, called “unitary quantum theory,” is that it does not appear, at first sight, to agree with the observations of unpredictability in quantum measurements. One attempt to reconcile this conflict is the so-called “decision-theoretic approach,” which was recently proposed by David Deutsch and established by David Wallace, and which forms the basis for the arguments in the new study. © 2016 Phys.org Journal information: Proceedings of the Royal Society A More information: Chiara Marletto. “Constructor theory of probability.” Proceedings of The Royal Society A. DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2015.0883. Also at arXiv:1507.03287 [quant-ph] This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. A scheme in superinformation theory. The new study shows that this deterministic theory exhibits unpredictability as a consequence of the impossibility of cloning certain states. Credit: C. Marletto. ©2016 Proceedings of The Royal Society A