Chelsea’s chances of securing Champions League qualification were dented as they trailed to Christian Benteke’s tidy finish and then had Ramires sent off just before half-time.The Blues, needing a victory to secure a top-four spot, dominated possession for long spells.But although Demba Ba and Frank Lampard both went close to scoring, the visitors did not create many chances against an impressive Aston Villa side.Benteke grabbed the opener inside 15 minutes after a slick counter-attack when he easily went past Gary Cahill and then beat Petr Cech at the near post.Ba almost levelled but his shot was well blocked by Brad Guzan.And Lampard went close with a fizzing low free-kick that skidded off the turf and Guzan fumbled onto the outside of the post.But Chelsea’s hopes of getting back into the game were hit when midfielder Ramires was given a second yellow card just before the interval.Chelsea: Cech, Azpilicueta, Cahill, Terry, Cole, Ramires, Lampard, Moses, Mata, Hazard, Ba.Subs: Turnbull, Ivanovic, Luiz, Torres, Oscar, Benayoun, Ake.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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
Following Concorde’s entry into service in 1976, the supersonic jet’s top speed of Mach 2.04 (1,354 mph), enabled passengers to cross the Atlantic Ocean in half the time it had once taken.This was until 2003, however, when economic and safety pressures forced the supersonic jet into retirement.A true beauty of the skies, Concorde’s retirement not only signalled the end of commercial supersonic flight but also the first time in aviation history that the progress towards ever faster speeds had gone into reverse.Concorde’s historyAfter over a decade of subsonic commercial flight, there is hope once again for jetsetters across the globe as NASA, in conjunction with Lockheed Martin and General Electric, is in the process of developing quiet supersonic technology.Known as QueSST, the technology is designed to reduce the deafening impact of a sonic boom to a muted thump, clearing the way for environmentally acceptable supersonic transport aircraft and, potentially, the birth of a new golden age of high speed travel.The ProcessTo realize this goal, NASA has contracted Lockheed Martin and General Electric to develop a preliminary design of a supersonic aircraft capable of proving to regulatory agencies that low level sonic booms are acceptable to people on the ground.The shaping of the 94 foot long, delta-winged aircraft is designed to create a sonic boom which would be audible as a soft rumble as opposed to a sharp crack. As Peter Iosifidis, Lockheed Martin Program Manager, explains, the QueSST demonstrator design (pictured at top right) attempts to “separate the shocks so that they don’t ever coalesce”.By distributing these waves across the length of the aircraft, the shock waves cannot become focused and instead, hit the ground intermittently, creating the soft rumble NASA is aiming for.Powered by a single General Electric F404 fighter engine, the specially designed demonstrator is expected to fly in late 2019 and will begin sonic boom experiments in 2020.The plan is for the aircraft to participate in a series of over-flight trials around 2022-2023 over four to six communities around the US. The results of these trails will be used to determine once and for all if the 1973 ban on supersonic overland travel can be overturned, potentially opening the door to follow-on commercial developments both domestically and internationally.Sonic Booms generally hit a decibel level of 106 PLdB. NASA’s demonstration began with an F/A-18’s level flight over the NASA Armstrong parking lot. The sonic boom created was 104 PLdB.Listen hereThen the NASA demonstrated the “thump” using an F/A-18 which only reached a level of 77 decibels, just 2 above their target of 75 at which they hope the International Civil Aviation Organisation will confirm to be acceptable to the public.The simulated low boom was achieved through a dive manoeuvre in which the F/A-18 accelerates to Mach 1.1 at an arranged altitude and distance from the targeted epicenter of the sound shockwave.Listen to the much quieter thump (sonic boom) here:The LynchpinThis monumental effort originates from a 1973 FAA and ICAO regulation prohibiting any flight that creates a sonic boom over land. As overland flight is imperative to the economic feasibility of supersonic operations, the entire market hinges on ICAO mandating a sonic boom decibel level that they deem acceptable to the public. This, in turn, is contingent on the success of NASA’s QueSST effort and its attempt to prove the technical viability of a low boom design based on principles that can be applied to aircraft ranging in size from a Mach 1.4 business jet to a 120-seat supersonic airliner.The ImplicationsShould commercial supersonic flight overland become acceptable, NASA forecasts a demand for over 500 civil supersonic airliners in addition to between 350 and 500 business jets. The advent of long awaited high speed transport will almost certainly revolutionize international passenger travel as well as the flying experience. With airlines desperate to gain a competitive edge on their rivals, the availability of a supersonic commercial aircraft would set a new standard for the premium commercial flight experience.Cavair at Mach 2A Team EffortWhile much of NASA’s effort stems from a desire to maintain American leadership in global civil aviation, NASA’s Dave Richwire, Commercial Supersonic Technologies Sub-Project Manager, admits, “We have got to engage the international community because if this aircraft is going to be successful it has to operate around the world.”Amongst the international research community the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) continues to pursue ambitious plans for a high speed trans-Pacific airliner while in Europe the nearer term focus remains on development of a new generation of supersonic business jets.It is also clear that supersonic transport will have to travel at high altitude for both operational and air traffic reasons. These aircraft will be travelling almost twice as fast as subsonic airliners and to avoid congestion in the lower levels of controlled airspace will be allocated to virtually traffic free zones at 50,000 feet or higher. As Ed Haering, NASA’s Aerospace Engineer and Sonic Boom specialist said, “It’s the fast lane!”.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Joel PenhorwoodThough Ohio is not a top state for wheat production, the state continues to be a hotbed for national leaders in agriculture. A pair of farmers in Ohio have taken their wheat expertise to the national level this year as they each are currently serving as chairs of their national organizations.Doug Goyings of Paulding and Rachael Vonderhaar of Camden are chair people of the U.S. Wheat Associates and Wheat Foods Council, respectively. They by no means selected an easy year for organization leadership in these groups as a multitude of issues face the industry nationwide, along with unique seasonal challenges here at home.“I’m a fourth-generation farmer,” said Doug Goyings, chair of the U.S. Wheat Associates. “My great-great-grandpa, he came here in 1886 — actually the farmstead where my son lives now. I followed my grandfather’s, great-grandfather’s, and my father’s steps, and I’ve grown the farm considerably since then. We’re approximately 4,500 acres now. My son works with me full time thank goodness because when I’m away doing U.S. Wheat business, I have to have somebody to work. Between my wife and my son, they do an excellent job of keeping up things when I’m gone.”A busy schedule for meetings with U.S. Wheat has coincided with a busy planting schedule, resulting in several nights without sleep.“It’s been a challenge. We’ve ran multiple nights over the nights and no sleep,” he said. “It’s not a good thing for anybody to run those hours, but we had to get it done.”Goyings has been on the USW board since 2009 and is a past chairman of the USW Long-Range Planning Committee. As chairman, Goyings is responsible for a number of things, one of them serving as a representative of the U.S. Wheat Associates near and far.“We interact with a lot of our buyers from around the world and that’s our number one job really is interact with the buyers to make sure they understand how to use U.S. Wheat because we’re one of the most reliable and quality wheats in the world,” he said. “We try to strive and let our customers know that and then they’ll keep coming back and that’s a key thing. You have to have return business. A one-time deal is something you don’t want. You want something year after year.”Though it can be difficult while maintaining a thriving operation back home in Paulding County, the role is a once in a lifetime experience.“I do enjoy doing this. My Dad says he deprived me when I was little because he didn’t let me travel much. I enjoy traveling, and it’s been interesting traveling to the different airports of the world and interacting with people. The world has gotten a lot smaller since I started traveling because most people in the world will speak English and that makes it a lot easier for us to travel,” he said. “I just got back after being gone for almost a month in South Africa and that’s a whole different world there. Basically when it comes down to it, every place in the world has poor areas and every place in the world has excellent cities and downtown areas that are just gorgeous. Every place I’ve been, I’ve seen both sides of everything.”Goyings’ connection to the family farm has helped him connect with international customers around the world.“It’s been interesting. I’ve been traveling quite a bit and I was in Malaysia talking to the buyers over there and what they enjoy is the fact you come from a family farm. They really like to see the pictures of the family farm because it’s important to those buyers around the world,” he said. “It was the same way when I was down in Mexico and Chile, they just enjoy talking to a farmer.”His tenure comes at an interesting time for American grain relations internationally. Several trade deals are of top priority for U.S. Wheat.“A lot of it’s trade. We do have competition now. Years ago, we had Russia that was a grain importer and now they’re the number one exporter in the world. They are a huge competition against us now,” Goyings said. “We just don’t sell anything hardly Europe anymore. Egypt is the number one buyer in the world and we don’t ship anything to them. I think one cargo went in there last year because Russia is competition now.”Just as weather in the heartland is affecting things greatly, it also has a major impact on world dynamics.“This year, Australia is not our competition because they had a drought,” he said. “We kind of hear about all these problems around the world and we try to be there to help our customers know that we are available and we always have wheat.”Goyings’ experience abroad has revealed some prospects for U.S. farmers.“I think Asia is a tremendous opportunity. Southeast Asia, there is a tremendous growth rate there. We’re shipping more wheat into that region so we are very heavily involved in that area,” he said. “We just have to go where we can move it and southeast Asia is a big one.“A difficult one is Africa because Europe and Australia come into there. We continue to work on it and let them know how to use our wheat. We’ve got specialists in all these different countries to show them how to use our wheat, because wheat is a little bit different around the world and we’ve got some advantages of blending our wheat when we ship it out to what the customer wants.”As far as goals go, Goyings has a couple as chairperson that stand out.“I’d definitely like to get things settled with TPP and Japan or whatever we want to call it when we get out agreement there. That’s a big one and also this thing with China, we need to get that trade,” he said. “If we could start shipping wheat in there, it’ll raise all the grain prices if we can get an agreement with them.”Rachael Vonderhaar of Preble County is representing the nation’s wheat growers in her role as chair of the Wheat Foods Council.Those goals if accomplished would change prices around the world, including for producers and consumers here at home. That is the audience focused on by Rachael Vonderhaar of Camden, Ohio, recently named chair of the Wheat Foods Council.“I farm with my husband Alan, my son Adam, and my father-in-law Lynn,” she said. “We raise wheat, malting barley, corn and soybeans, plus a little bit of cattle and sheep.”Vonderhaar has been heavily involved in the Ohio Farm Bureau and other agricultural organizations in the past. It’s no different on the wheat side.“I’m in my second term with the Ohio Small Grains Checkoff and it’s been a great opportunity to explore leadership both within the state of Ohio and nationally. I represent the checkoff to the Wheat Foods Council, and I’ve done that for a few years now and this is my year to slide into Chair there,” she said. “I’m excited and look forward to what the opportunities are ahead and how I can promote wheat domestically across the country.”Different from the U.S. Wheat Council that Goyings is a part of, the Wheat Foods Council is focused on multiple aspects of the process from farm to dinner table.“The Wheat Foods Council is made up of the full supply chain with wheat from producer to elevator, miller, to baker. We’re all there having that conversation together about how we can share the quality wheat with the United States and our consumers and educate them on the types of wheat we have and each of the purposes that are utilized,” Vonderhaar said. “Here in Ohio, we grow soft red winter wheat, and I like to refer to it as the sweet wheat because it’s all the yummy stuff. Your cakes, your cookies, and your alcohols.”Vonderhaar said that last bit with a smile and a quick laugh, though it’s that fun connection that Vonderhaar said is essential to telling the story of wheat with today’s consumer.“The national side is a big place. It’s a big playground and understanding who all is in it is educational not only as a producer, but as a consumer,” she said. “I love to bake and so getting to talk to the millers and the bakers across the country and how that relates back to my personal use has been an amazing experience.”Telling that story as chair of the Wheat Foods Council is a big part of the job, Vonderhaar said, but figuring out exactly who to have that conversation with is another job in itself.“As I’ve worked with the Wheat Foods Council and we’ve done our research, we find that the majority of the public is getting nutritional information from their trainer. So for years, we’ve worked with registered dieticians about sharing the message about wheat and the value of it for health, but we’re realizing we need to talk to those trainers because that’s where most people are reaching out to,” she said. “Sharing the science and the facts and the importance of having grains in the diet just for function and endurance is knowledge that really needs to be shared with the general public.“With the Wheat Foods Council, we do support a triathlete, Michelle Tuttle, who’s also a registered dietician. It’s really neat to listen to her and the diet that she writes for herself. Then you can follow her on social media to understand how she gets her endurance from the grains that she eats.”That unique way of conversation for Vonderhaar has roots that are unique compared to most in agriculture. She did not come from a farm background, but her life experience has led her to her position today.“When I was younger, agriculture was nowhere in the plan I had before me, but I met a boy who stole my heart — he’ll tell you I met a man who won it — with that I was all in. He was a full-time farmer and when I said ‘I do,’ I stepped into it all. I’ve been blessed with an amazing life out on the farm, raising a family, participating in agriculture — but I had a good friend, Jane Marshall, at the county fair had a lunch with me and she said, ‘You know what, I think we have a lot in common and I’d like to invite you to an Ohio Agri Women meeting.’ From there I went to an American Agri Women’s meeting and I was pulled in. I just want to be part of having the conversation and translating the information from the farm to the consumer. How do we have that conversation? Because we all talk about food in a different way and so those of us that raise it and produce it, we use a lot of language that’s not common for the common consumer to understand. We’ve been really open our farm to host anyone that wants to take a look and talk about what we’re doing, but I think participating in those groups has really helped me understand the value of sharing that information and being open with it.”Whether it be far away or right down the road, both Vonderhaar and Goyings encourage farmers of all ages to get involved in having the conversation, both within the industry and outside of it, telling the story of agriculture at home and around the world.
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