Multi-decadal glacier surface lowering in the Antarctic Peninsula

first_imgFrom approximately 400 glaciers of the westernAntarctic Peninsula, no in situ records of mass balance exist and their recent contribution to sea level is consequently poorly constrained. We seek to address this shortcoming by using surface elevations from USGS and BAS airborne(1948–2005) and ASTER spaceborne (2001–2010) stereoimagery, combined by using a rigorous semi-automatedregistration approach, to determine multi-decadal glaciersurface elevation changes in the western Antarctic Peninsulafor 12 glaciers. All observed glaciers show near-frontalsurface lowering and an annual mean lowering rate of0.28 � 0.03 m/yr at the lower portion of the glaciers duringthe �4 decades following the mid-1960s, with higher ratesfor the glaciers in the north-west parts of the AntarcticPeninsula. Increased lowering of up to 0.6 m/yr can beobserved since the 1990s, in close correspondence toincreased atmospheric positive degree days. In all cases,surface lowering reduces to zero within 5 km of the glacierfront at around 400 m altitude. This lowering may havebeen at least partially compensated for by increased highaltitude accumulation.last_img read more

Oxford schools top the league tables

first_imgOxfordshire hosts a large proportion of the highest achieving schools in the country, recent GCSE and A-level results have revealed. Oxford High School GDST achieved the best A-level results for a girls’ school with all pupils attaining five good passes and almost 93% of entries being awarded the top two grades.  Magdalen College School also headed league tables as the top independent school in the country both for A levels and GCSEs. At A level, 70 out of 90 candidates acheived all As or A*s and at GCSE level  99.5% of all grades achieved were A or A* with 35% of their entrants receiving 10 or more A*s in total.Some schools in Oxford can attribute their success directly to the influence of, and close ties to, the University of Oxford. Dr Tim Hands, Master of Magdalen College School, told Cherwell, “MCS has a unique foundation in that William Waynflete wanted to create a university school, a college and a school as a unique integrated whole, enabling each to gain from the others.”In their Lower Sixth year at Magdalen College School, pupils research and write a dissertation on a topic of their choice under guidance from academics outside the school, many of them members of the University. Dr Hands claims, “Our latest A-Level results bear witness to the fruits of this project.”Oxford’s state secondary schools also attained better GCSE results than the national average. For example, at Cherwell School 28% of entries achieved an A or A* and the Matthew Arnold School gained 31% A or A* grades compared to the national average of only 23%.At Oxford Spires Academy, which recently replaced the Oxford Community School to serve some of Oxford’s poorer areas including Blackbird Leys, 100% of pupils gained at least one GCSE and 63% achieved at least five at grades A* to C. The Headmistress, Susan Croft, commented, “Students and staff have worked hard to achieve these results and I am pleased with the outcome – these results are well deserved by all.  We are set on an upwards trajectory of success.”The only Oxford school whose results haven’t been announced is the three-year-old Oxford Academy which has asked for dozens of papers to be remarked after the headmaster, Mike Reading, said he was “disappointed”.The South-East as a whole was, as usual, the highest achieving area. Brian Lightman, general secretary of the Association of School and College Leaders has tried to explain this pattern, saying, “The highest paid jobs are in London and the South East. Many high-flying and ambitious people who have a tradition of education in their families will relocate here.” This is clearly especially true in Oxford with its high proportion of professors and their families living and going to school in the area. The same is true in Cambridge although the other place seems not to have done quite as well in last week’s GCSE results with its highest achieving school, The Perse School, gaining 11% fewer A and A* grades than Magdalen College School.last_img read more

Expanding repertoire

first_imgNew dough balls please!” Squint your brains and envision the newly gluten-free dieter, Wimbledon winner Novak Djokovic, masterfully return-serving a plate of bready starters in a Pizza Express: there you have the (slightly silly) metaphorical summation of another year in which the gluten-free sector aced it.Or at least that’s what the soaring sales would suggest. The bread dodgers’ latest poster boy may balk as he digs deep into the £1.1m Centre Court prize haul to stock his freezer with gluten-free goods, amid complaints of high prices. New research by Kings College London found that gluten-free foods breads, rolls, cereals, pasta, flour, crackers, biscuits and pizza bases were 76% to 518% dearer than equivalent foods containing gluten. Despite tightened consumer spending, the gluten-free market still grew by around 30% over the last two years (Mintel, September 2011). How quickly might the sector have grown with prices equivalent to standard goods, you might wonder?Qualitative research on gluten-free consumption by McCallum Layton (September 2011), based on in-store observations and at-home interviews, found that the high expense of products was shoppers’ single biggest complaint. Few saw a justification for the huge cost differential. High pricing has been cited as the main obstacle to trial for “healthy lifestylers” tennis stars aside. The missed opportunity is potentially huge (see panel, page 23).”If I could sell a gluten-free loaf for the same price as a regular loaf, I’d be delighted, because 30-40% of people would switch to gluten-free bread for the potential health benefits,” believes Paddy Cronin, managing director of United Central Bakeries (UCB), the UK’s biggest own-brand gluten-free bread producer and manufacturer of the Genius and Livwell brands. “We predict total household penetration in the free-from market at around 45%; bread is currently at 19%, so we haven’t touched the majority of the market.”That depends on getting lifestylers on board. “If gluten-free bakery products are going to become as mainstream as manufacturers would like them to be, they are going to have to find a way of bringing prices closer to standard products,” states Michelle Berriedale-Johnson, editor of the Foodmatters gluten-free website and organiser of the Free From Food Awards.So what can the industry do? Not much. Apart from battling high commodity prices, gluten-free bakers have to build a separate plant or employ costly safety measures to segregate products, as do ingredients firms. And the volumes of gluten-free loaves currently being produced pale next to the 20,000 loaves an hour produced on a regular bread plant.Costly ingredientsWhile a tonne of wheat on the open market might cost £250, potato starch a key constituent of gluten-free products will cost four times that amount. The enzymes introduced into gums to give products structure, while used in small quantities, still cost thousands of pounds per kilogram. And availability of specialist ingredients is often scarce, but things are changing. Gums and enzymes important for gluten-free baking are increasingly developed using corn and maize instead of wheat.”The large ingredients suppliers maybe didn’t look at gluten-free ingredients in the past, when it was a £2m market,” says Cronin. “Now we’re buying in X-number of tonnes of ingredients, they’ve woken up to the fact that it’s a significant market by putting their R&D resource behind gluten-free.”It will take several years before the price gap is narrowed. “Prices are coming down, but they are still way higher than the mainstream,” says David Jago, trends and innovations director at Mintel. “It’s still the biggest factor holding back the market.”Meanwhile, one group that will pay virtually anything because they have little choice is those with diagnosed allergies. And their numbers are growing fast: Coeliac UK attracted 14,500 new members in 2011. So why the surge? “There’s an area that is increasingly of interest to medics around gluten sensitivity. That is, people who don’t have any typical markers of coeliac disease antibodies or gut damage,” explains Sarah Sleet, chief executive of Coeliac UK. “If those people stick to a gluten-free diet, they find they feel better. This isn’t a well-defined field yet, but medics are starting to say, ’Well, maybe there is something in this’, and they’re potentially advising gluten-free diets.”Supermarket competitionThat trend is not missed by the supermarkets, which are embroiled in one-upmanship when it comes to gluten-free range reviews. “Because the supermarkets all do a range review every one to two years, you’ll find one somewhere in the market every two or three months,” says Sleet. “They’re leapfrogging over each other, trying to step up the quality of the offering.”The supermarkets have wised up to free-from, reformulating everything from sausages to recognising naturally free-from products, such as chilled desserts, so that they can be communicated as such to shoppers. “Because gluten-free consumers are a close-knit community, if a retailer does a range review, it will see a major uplift because everybody will go to see what is there they’ll know the product quality is improved,” says UCB’s Cronin.The prize is ultra-loyal customers. “Our research, undertaken this summer with Asda shoppers, showed gluten- and wheat-free consumer spending is heavily based on trust,” says Emma Herring, retail brand manager at gluten-free firm Dr Schär UK. “Consumers say it can take such a long time to find a product that suits them that they rarely shop around once they find a favourite.”This is supported by McCallum Layton’s research, which found that free-from consumers tended to “stick to a tried and trusted repertoire”, but were “always on the lookout for new items to add”. “We’ve seen from market data that the entry of Warburtons (January 2011) has not only brought new consumers to the free-from category, but also increased repertoire purchase, with many consumers adding gluten-free into their baskets on top of their usual purchases,” said Warburtons marketing director Richard Hayes.Availability of gluten-free is still problematic, however. “There’s variability, with some stores allocating only one bay to free-from,” he adds. Yet the Co-operative Group’s new private-label gluten-free line in its convenience stores could spark a step-change.While price and availability remain major gripes, the surveys show shoppers are increasingly happy with product quality. Gluten-free bakery products usually have a limited shelf-life and stale more rapidly. Previously products have required higher salt, sat fats and sugar, alienating healthy-eating shoppers. “Ideally, they require longer shelf-life stability, due to distribution channel complexities,” says Cathrin Kurz, senior marketing analyst of National Starch Food Innovation, which has derived solutions from tapioca and rice.Yet as the market moves from long-life to fresher products, salt levels can be reduced, drawing more people to gluten-free. “We predict solid growth over the next five-to-six years,” says Mintel’s Jago. “We’re increasingly seeing private-label products which supermarkets have more freedom to play around with merchandised in other areas than just the free-from ghetto.” Such as to spectators on Murray Mound at Wimbledon next year, perhaps (yes, he’s gone gluten-free too). Do the maths: ’lifestylers’ l 1-2% of adults suffer from an allergy, compared to 5-8% of children (British Nutrition Foundation and Allergy UK)l An estimated 1% of the population have coeliac disease (Coeliac UK)l Currently 13% of people avoid gluten and 12% skip wheat (Mintel survey, July 2011)l Up to 40% of shoppers buy free-from foods on a ’regularly occasional’ basis even though they have no medical need to do so (The Allergy & Gluten-Free Show 2011 survey)l And 75% want to buy free-from in the main aisles and not in a dedicated free-from arealast_img read more

Mishawaka School Board announces plan to bring back 7th-12th grade students

first_imgCoronavirusIndianaLocalNewsSouth Bend Market Facebook By Tommie Lee – February 11, 2021 0 254 WhatsApp (Photo supplied/School City of Mishawaka) Mishawaka’s School Board voted unanimously on Wednesday to bring students back for in-school learning at John Young Middle School and Mishawaka High School starting February 25.From that date through April 1, students will be in-person four days a week, with Wednesdays being all-virtual. After spring break on April 12 they’ll be in the building five days a week.Students can also choose to continue with virtual learning.The decision is open to modification based on COVID data and health department recommendations. Twitter WhatsApp Previous articleNiles police investigating two incidents of lewd behavior and stranger dangerNext articleMan injured in Thursday morning shooting in Elkhart Tommie Lee Google+ Mishawaka School Board announces plan to bring back 7th-12th grade students Twitter Google+ Pinterest Pinterest Facebooklast_img read more

Scottish food safety body gets to work

first_imgA new Scottish independent regulatory body has launched to tackle food safety, diet and nutrition north of the border. Food Standards Scotland (FSS) will now take over responsibilities previously carried out by the Food Standards Agency (FSA). The FSS will have additional powers regarding food safety in the wake of the horsemeat scandal. It will also provide policy advice, keep consumers informed and ensure the enforcement of food regulations.Public health minister Maureen Watt said the launch represented a “great day” for the Scottish consumer and the food and drink sector in Scotland. She said: “We now have a new food body that is uniquely placed to focus on our own particular needs and priorities. Food Standards Scotland will be a trusted source of food safety advice and nutritional guidance.”FSS chief executive Geoff Ogle said: “Our focus will be on making decisions based on the food safety, labelling and nutrition issues that affect the Scottish public most directly.”FSS is mainly funded by government with a budget of £15.7m. The organisation is based in new premises in Aberdeen and has around 160 staff.MSPs at Holyrood passed the legislation for setting up the new body in December last year.last_img read more

A Brief(er) History Of Pigeons Playing Ping Pong On New Year’s Eve

first_imgPigeons Playing Ping Pong are no strangers to throwing a party to ring in the New Year, and if their past performances are any indication, this year is going to truly be a “Magical” experience, as P4 has announced a special “DisNYE” themed celebration. The group will headline Covington, KY’s Madison Theater, joined by Flamingosis and Cycles, and will take the audience on a trip through “The Magical World of Disney”, as the band pays homage to the cartoon musicals we all grew up watching and loving. Prior to the NYE performance, Pigeons will host a 2-night stand at Cleveland’s The Beachland Ballroom which begins tonight (get tickets for NYE here).While the Baltimore-based funk act has headlined several hometown themed shows over the years, like 2012’s “Motown Getdown” and 2013’s “NSFW NYE” at Baltimore’s 8×10, and 2014’s “Alice In One Hit Wonderland” at nearby The Broadberry in Richmond, VA, they opted to celebrate 2016 in support of post-rock livetronica titans Lotus last year in Pittsburgh, and had guitarist Mike Rempel sit in on “Walk Outside.” We decided to take a look and listen to some of the experiences Pigeons have gifted fans with over the years. Check them out below, courtesy of and YouTube:12.31.16: Stage AE – Pittsburgh, PA (support for Lotus)Setlist: Poseidon > Moonwalk > Poseidon, Fun In Funk, Ocean Flows, Walk Outside*, Hava Nagila, Horizon, The Liquid* With Mike Rempel of Lotus12.31.14: The Broadberry – Richmond, VA – “Alice In One Hit Wonderland”Setlist: Whoopie, Julia > 2001* > Auld Lang Syne% > Moonwalk > Butterfly^$ > Barbara Streisand > Moonwalk Live It Up > Relaxer’s Delight^# > Live It Up Burning Up My Time > Tubthumping^ > Burning Up My Time > Horizon Landing > Groove Is In The Heart^ > Blue > Drunk People jam > Lovefool^ > Drunk People** Spacejam > The Hop > F.U. Two Princes^ > JuliaEncore: Closing Time^ > Schwanthem > What is Love > SchwanthemNotes:Alice In One Hit Wonderland NYE theme @ “Richmond Do That Funk!”* w/ NYE countdown feat. THE SHACK BAND (Hunter Pease on guitar, Andrew Gillespie on keys and Josh Crowley on sax)% w/ 99 Red Balloons tease^ First time played$ w/ Milkshake rap# Relax / Rapper’s Delight mash up** Ending only12.31.13: 8×10 – Baltimore, MD – “NSFW NYE”Set 1:Time To Ride > Once In A Lifetime > Time To Ride, Live It Up, Horizon$ > Auld Lang [email protected] > Landing* > Jam* > Get Down Tonight^* > Whoopie*, Spacejam* > The Hop* > Sex Machine^* > F.U.*Set 2: Schwanthem > Melting Lights > Pussy^*, Hold On I’m Coming* > Jam > Sexual Eruption”^* > Jam% > Fade Fast, Walk Outside, Pop Off > Something About My Dick In A Box#^*, Doc*, Couldn’t We AllEncore: The Bad Touch^ *> Horizon&Notes:$ unfinished, with NYE [email protected] w/ Amazing Grace tease* w/ Mario D’Ambrosio on sax and Danny Davis on trumpet^ first time played” w/ NSFW rap medley% w/ Great Abyss tease# Something About Us and Dick In A Box mash up& ending only12.31.12: 8×10 – Baltimore, MD – “Motown Getdown”Set 1: Whoopie, Melting Lights, Schwanthem > Final Countdown > Schwanthem~ > Auld Lane Sang*, F.U. > I Got You, Boogie On Reggae Woman > Hold On I’m Coming > Boogie On Reggae Woman > Soul Man > Dancing in the Streets, Superstition > Shining Star, Respect**, You Sexy Thing > My Girl%, Play That Funky Music > Brick HouseSet 2:Drunk People# > Moonwalk > Schwan’s Symphony$ > Moonwalk >, Pop Off, Time to Ride# > Deejam > [email protected], Cliffs > Drunk People^, Fade Fast, This is That, Kiwi!, JuliaEncore:Couldn’t We All > Use Me > Couldn’t We AllNotes:~ w/NYE Countdown* w/ Drunken Lullabies tease** w/Burning Down The House verses% w/ Funk E. Zekiel tease# Unfinished$ w/ James Bond [email protected] w/ 2013 Jam^ Ending only! First time played[Taper and mixing credit to Paul Dorin]_____________________________________________________Tickets are available for NYE at Madison Theater here. For event updates and additional information, join the Facebook Event page. Check out more information on upcoming shows at the band’s website.last_img read more

Actors from the London Stage teach in classrooms, perform ‘Measure for Measure’

first_imgIt is not often that an accounting class might find an actor from London hosting a workshop, but Shakespeare at Notre Dame’s Actors from the London Stage (AFTLS) program allows for that. This week, the five actors in the fall 2017 company are at Notre Dame for the residency portion of the program. They will be teaching Monday to Thursday this week and performing “Measure for Measure” Wednesday, Thursday and Friday night at Notre Dame and Saturday at the Westville Correctional Facility.As part of the program, the actors will be visiting 15 classrooms ranging from Irish history to theater to accounting. Photo courtesy of Marlon Deleon Five actors from London showcase their costumes. The group toured at universities across the country to share its insight with classes of all academic disciplines and perform ‘Measure for Measure.’“It’s a pretty amazing thing to see them engage disciplines across the academic spectrum, and then they all come together for the performance of ‘Measure for Measure,’” Scott Jackson, the program director of Shakespeare at Notre Dame, said.Jackson said that for many of the actors, the teaching component of the program can help further their career.“It takes them away from the stage and puts them in the classroom, often for the first time,” he said. “… A lot of our actors go on in their careers to become lecturers. For a lot of these guys it constitutes not a career shift, but definitely a career complement.”Professors enjoy having the actors run the workshops for a variety of reasons, Jackson said and the workshops typically fill about 45 minutes after he emails professors to tell them about the opportunity. John Duffy, associate professor of English who teaches a college seminar titled “Great Speeches,” said he has brought the actors into his classroom four times.“They are really exceptional at helping students realize the performative nature of speech,” he said. “I’m good at the academic stuff, the rhetorical theory and so forth, but the actors are brilliant at getting the students to try new things and break down their inhibitions.”Ram Ramanan, who teaches graduate classes in Mendoza, has also been hosting workshops in his classroom with an actor for several years and said he sees it as an opportunity to develop the professionalism and presentation skills of his students.“Our students have to go make presentations in their careers, some of which are fairly complicated financial and economic transactions, and I thought if they could read some Shakespeare, which is fairly complicated language, and learn to deconstruct it from the professionals, that would help them in their presentation skills,” he said.In addition to teaching classes, the five-person cast will perform “Measure for Measure,” which includes 20 characters. The cast members said they have enjoyed the experience of bringing the play to life.“The more we tear it apart, the more we perform it and explore it as a company, and the more we work on it with students at universities … [the more we realize] it’s a fascinating play with so many powerful themes,” cast member Ben Eagle said.With AFTLS, the cast must also cover roles outside of traditional acting.“We don’t have a director, we get to create from scratch, and we have responsibilities that I think we as actors tend to overlook, like costumes we’re responsible for, getting there on time, travel, media, etc., lighting,” cast member Wela Mbusi said. “We get to sort of understand the holistic thing of creating a piece of work.”The cast members said they are happy with the play.“We’re really proud of it,” Eagle said. “To put five actors in a room with a suitcase and then come out to America with a play, I’m really happy with what we’ve got.”The program includes performances at different universities including the University of Texas and DePauw University. Jackson said this travel experience is unique because it takes them to cities the actors might not visit otherwise.To select the cast, Jackson said AFTLS uses a traditional casting process but that special attention is paid to the personalities of the actors.“We call it the alchemy of the five,” he said. “You’ve got to make sure these five people will not only work really well together on stage but are they going to travel well together? Are they going to teach well?”Dominic Gerrard, a member of the cast, said the audition process was part of the reason he joined AFTLS.“The audition process was so enjoyable and so fun, so that was a good measure of what the actual job would be like,” he said.After the cast was finalized in mid-June, the company met once in July to get to know each other and do a read through. They began full rehearsals in August, Jackson said.“I think right up until the point we finish, it will be a really interesting journey,” Gerrard said.Tags: Actors from the London Stage, Measure for Measure, Shakespearelast_img read more

Sara Bareilles Braves Bullets with Zach Braff

first_img View Comments Star Files Show Closed This production ended its run on Aug. 24, 2014 Bullets Over Broadway Sara Bareilles Related Shows Sara Bareilles, who is prepping her own Broadway-aimed show, is certainly making the rounds on the Great White Way lately. On March 27, she entered a world of gangsters, showgirls and divas at Bullets Over Broadway on March 27. After catching the show, the Grammy-nommed singer/songwriter headed backstage at the St. James Theatre to congratulate Zach Braff and the cast. See her beaming between Braff and his gun-toting, tap-dancing co-star Nick Cordero in this Hot Shot by Bruce Glikas, then go see the flappers, molls and mobsters of the Woody Allen musical comedy for yourself.last_img read more

Peter Pan’s Allison Williams Talks Living With Christopher Walken

first_imgAllison Williams took a break from Peter Pan Live! rehearsals on Long Island to stop by The Tonight Show on November 17, where she discussed sharing a hotel with the swiniest swine in the world: Christopher Walken. Apparently, both are taking their character development incredibly seriously, even down to their lunch orders. Williams, who will play the titular Boy Who Wouldn’t Grow Up, ordered “a peanut butter and jelly sandwich, because I’m American and I’m not dumb.” Walken, preparing to take on the role of Captain Hook, had something more nautical in mind: two pounds of smoked salmon. We’d totally be pirates if it meant unlimited lox. Take a look at the clips below, including Jimmy Fallon’s flying lesson from Williams herself! You can see her take flight live on December 4. View Commentslast_img read more

Heart attack! You are having one!

first_imgHeart attack! You are having one! Heart attack! You are having one! Judge Richard A. Howard Fifth Judicial Circuit I have wondered why attorneys refuse to recognize their risk for a heart attack. I think I’ve found the reason: day-planners. I’ve checked, there’s no section for down time due to heart attack. Whether you are a trial lawyer, office practitioner, government lawyer, or anyone else that the public relies upon to solve its problems, you are at risk. If you are reading these words and think that it will not happen to you, then you could stop now and go no further. Every semester new lawyers graduate to take your place.I write to share a personal experience with everyone, man or woman, who practices law. I am not going to bore you with the usual litany of statistics about heart attacks. Really, who wants to dwell on the fact that tonight there will be 50,000 heart attacks in the United States, one-half of which will be fatal? What woman wants to hear that after menopause the rate of first-time lethal heart attacks matches those of men? So, rather than bore you with statistics, I decided to share my story with you.I had been appointed as counsel, with another lawyer, in a double homicide, death penalty case. On the eve of trial, Monday August 4, 1997, I was handwriting an emergency motion seeking a change of venue, and a motion to dismiss. The two newspapers serving the small rural county not only blanketed the prospective venire with the gory details of the case, but also mentioned two admissions of my client that had been suppressed. The fact that one of the deadliest prosecutors in the state was handling the case really guaranteed my recipe for stress. Really, it was and is no different from a thousand similar scenarios in most lawyers’ daily lives. It was only going to take me 30 minutes to pen these out. Over two hours later I was still writing. Trouble was brewing, but I had to finish my work.In order to finish my work, I ignored what I have since learned are the traditional symptoms of a heart attack. My first response to the heart attack was denial, thinking to myself, “I’ve got no time for this!” Let me make you aware of what was happening.The first thing that I noticed was the sweat. Even for mid-August this was too much. And I thought, “Just drink more water and it will go away.” The next symptoms were much harder to ignore, but being a persistent man, I tried anyway. To understand what happened, imagine this: Take your index finger and place it on your breastbone; move your finger 2 inches to the left and press with all of your might, until you can touch your shoulder blade from the inside. There, you have it! Take the worst leg cramp that you’ve ever had; you know, the ones that split your toes wide apart, and transplant that pain to your chest. It doesn’t go away. No matter how you rub, or stretch, or bend or pray: it won’t go away. In addition to this crushing pain, I noticed that I had a metallic taste in my mouth. Later I was told that this metallic taste could be a result of the iron molecules leaching out of my heart muscle, which was damaged. I still didn’t stop: I finished the motions. I knew that I had turned out some good work. You probably would have done the same thing.That night I couldn’t stop sweating; I couldn’t get cool; the cramping wouldn’t stop. Other symptoms I experienced that night were a need to vomit and void. So there I was: sweating, cramping, “voiding,” all for naught. I thought, “Dying on the toilet like Elvis; what a way to go!” That’s when I knew it was time to go to the hospital.the time that I let my wife take me to the hospital seven hours had elapsed. That’s one hour over the maximum time that blood thinners can effectively be used to possibly dissolve a clot. As I lay on the emergency room gurney, the doctors and nurses diagnosed me even before the blood protein work confirmed the attack. They could tell by the way I walked into the hospital, clutching my left wrist against my chest, that I had suffered an attack. During the ambulance ride to the heart center, the technicians began ripping open all kinds of sealed bags with needles, monitors, patches, and tubes. I imagined how the meds were going to print out.If you’re fortunate enough to be awake for the angioplasty, you will get to observe a scenario something like this one. After they inject you with dye, you can watch the surgeon wind his way through your right femoral artery with a probe, to either open the artery or implant a stent. The five major arteries of your heart look like the roots of a plant. You’re told that you have five arteries, but you can only see four clearly. Where’s the other one? Then the doctor tells you that if he cannot clear the blockage the procedure is over. In my case, he couldn’t, and it was.I was a sole practitioner concentrating on criminal and family law. At the time of the attack I was 44, nonsmoker, slightly over-weight normal guy, married, father of three girls. My total cholesterol was 176 and my blood pressure 120/80. I didn’t fit into the physical indicators for a heart attack, really. However, the doctor told me about a Harvard study from the mid-’70s wherein they found that through unrelenting stress a person can, and probably did in my case, “flex” their heart. That flex dislodged some plaque buildup which formed the clot.Like most lawyers, I took too few vacations and worked at least half-days on the weekends. When you have a heart attack everyone tells you “it’s a wake-up call.” I felt that I didn’t need a wake-up call; I needed more time to get my work done. I needed to solve those problems that had been entrusted to me by my clients. As I lay on the hospital bed feeling totally sorry for myself, someone brought me a cell phone. And I found myself laying in ICU at Bayonet Point Hospital, with an intravenous needle in the back of my right hand, using that cell phone to sign up a new client.That was my wake-up call. What will yours be?For further information about these issues please contact the American Heart Association or call your doctor. Judge Richard A. Howard was appointed by Gov. Jeb Bush to the Fifth Circuit bench in December 2000. Prior to his appointment, Judge Howard had been a prosecutor and defense attorney for 23 years. Since 1997, Judge Howard has lectured extensively on the issues of stress management for lawyers .center_img October 1, 2004 Regular Newslast_img read more